The literal meaning
of sa'ee is "effort".
2. Sa'ee is performed after (1)
tawaf for Umrah, after (2)
tawaf-ul-Qudoom, and after (3)
tawaf-al-Ifadah. You should be in ihraam for (1)
and (2). Ihram is not required
for (3) unless you are performing it
before the cutting of your hair.
3. There is no nafl sa'ee.
4. There is no sa'ee after the Farewell tawaf (tawaf-al-Widaa).
5. Sa'ee consists of 7 rounds of walking between As-Safa and
Al-Marwah. One round is completed when you begin from As-Safa and end at
Al-Marwah. The return from Al-Marwah to Al-Safa completes the second round and
so on. A few allegedly make the mistake of counting the beginning
and ending at As-Safa as the completion of one round. Thus they end up
walking 14 rounds which is not required.
6. The total distance you would have walked performing sa'ee
is approximately 3.15 km (the distance from As-Safa to Al-Marwah is
approximately 450 m.)
7. If you are tired after performing the tawaf, you don't
have to proceed to perform the sa'ee immediately. You can rest and
perform the sa'ee later.
8. Wudu is not required for sa'ee. It is, however,
preferable to be in wudu as you may have to interrupt your sa'ee
to join the congregational prayer.
9. Sa'ee must be interrupted for the congregational prayer.
After the end of the prayer, you must start your sa'ee from
the place where you stopped.
10. You may interrupt your sa'ee to perform the janazah
prayer or continue your sa'ee without interruption.
Try to perform the sa'ee in the middle floor rather than the ground
floor. There is less pushing and jostling in the middle floor and you
also get a better view of a good part of the Ka'bah in some sections of
this floor. Sa'ee can also be performed on the open roof
floor. Given the heat, early morning, evening and night are the
recommended times to perform sa'ee on the roof floor.
12. Men should walk briskly between the green lights (located on the
side of the walls nearer to As-Safa). Women should not run. If you are
looking after elderly or female pilgrims, you don't have to walk
briskly. Do not run all the way from As-Safa to Al-Marwah. It is not
13. The gaps in the
floor tiles at both ends of the As-Safa and Al-Marwah hills are
wide. Walk slowly as you move over these stretches. If you walk
speedily, the sharp edges of the tiles can cut your heels/toes and
cause bleeding. I've seen this happen.
Look out for water spills along the way especially near the spots where
the zamzam water tanks are placed. You can slip and fall.
I've seen this happen. A serious back injury can permanently damage
15. Do not walk in the area built
especially for pilgrims in wheelchairs (ground floor) even if that area or parts of
it are not being fully used. Maintain your discipline at all times.
16. Do not engage in idle chat while performing the sa'ee. You
can engage in discussions that help to clarify your understanding of
Islam and strengthen your iman.
17. You can engage in various forms of worship (duah, dhikr,
tasbih) during sa'ee. Do not raise your voice. Prophet
Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: "You are not calling upon
a deaf or an absent One."
18. There is no requirement to dua in Arabic during sa'ee.
You can dua in your own language.
19. Do not perform sa'ee in a group as the continued effort
to maintain the group formation will hinder the movement of others.
20. Do not follow or recite behind a leader when performing the sa'ee.
The sa'ee is not an exercise in class recitation!
A continuous chorus of voices reciting behind a leader will
disturb the worship of others. Remembrance of the Almighty in a dignified manner on your own is
the right worship.
21. Menstruating women pilgrims can
perform the sa'ee as purity is not a condition for sa'ee.
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approach Safaa, say:
min sha'aa irillahi."
[Indeed Safaa and
Marwa are among the signs of Allah]
bada'a Allahu bihi."
[I begin with that
which Allah has begun.]
Say the above ONLY at
the beginning of sa'ee and not at every round.
At Safaa, face the
Ka'bah and say thrice:
walaa ilaha illallahu, wallahu Abkar."
[All praise is due to
Allah, there is no God but Allah, Allah is Greater.]
La ilaha illallahu
wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahulmulku walahulhamdu, yuhyee
wayumeetu wahua ala kullishay'in qadeer.
La ilaha illallahu wahdahu, anjaza wa'dahu. wanasara a'bdahu,
wahazamal ahzaaba wahdahu."
[There is none worthy
of worship but Allah alone. There are no partners to Him.
His is the kingdom and His is the praise.
He gives life and He gives death and He is capable of
You don't have
to raise your hands as you do at the starting line in tawaf.
The place of sa'ee
(between As-Safa and Al-Marwah) is NOT part of
Masjid Al-Haram. There is a low wall separating this
place from The Mosque.